Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, classic of the twentieth century
The great architect, which Google paid tribute, was born March 27, 1886 at Aix-la-Chapelle and died August 17, 1969 in Chicago. He gave his name to one of the most prestigious awards.
Mies van der Rohe is remembered with a burly inseparable from his big cigar. The architect who was director of the Bauhaus in Germany before going into exile in 1938 in the U.S. with the rise of Nazism, retains the large glass facades which the Seagram Building on Park Avenue opening in New York is the most perfect expression.
At the turn of the century, this supporter of the extensive use of glass and steel left his name in history with his German Pavilion for the International Exhibition of 1929.
Follower of minimalism
After starting out in the classic agency Peter Behrens, where he met Walter Gropius, the founder of the Bauhaus, this native of Aix-la-Chapelle launches into innovative designs borrowing some ideas from Karl Friedrich Schinkel. In 1921, the skyscraper on the all-glass Friedrichstraße is seen as a manifest of Expressionism in architecture. From 1912 to 1914, Mies van der Rohe worked as an architect in Berlin, before being called to serve in the army during WWI. In 1920-1930, he played a major role in his writings and his lectures at the Bauhaus in Dessau and Berlin.
His career marks a decisive step when he emigrated to the United Unispour flee Nazism. On his arrival, he already recognizes some influence as a designer. As Director of the Bauhaus, he also won many competitions for various architectural projects. Fan of minimalism, this purist architecture attaches particular importance to the relationship between inside and outside, so that buildings blend with the city or nature.Commissioned by Dr. Edith Farnsworth in 1945, in an area of ??24 acres along the Fox River in Illinois, the Farnsworth House is the finest example. Mies created for her a house made entirely of glass and steel of 135 m2 where it can enjoy the scenery while indulging his poetic and musical passions.
A universal architecture Its architecture is also marked by the dissociation of the envelope and structure. During the last twenty years of his life, Mies achieved his vision comes to architecture and fine slender that to be universal, as evidenced by its recent achievements in New York and Chicago. In charge of the department of Chicago’s Armour Institute of Technology (later renamed Illinois Institute of Technology or IIT), it is redeveloping the campus. Some of his most famous are still there including Crown Hall, home of the School of Architecture at IIT.
At the time, the modernist spirit of Mies van der Rohe was not immediately perceived. In 1981 the art critic and polemicist Tom Wolfe pointed out in From Bauhaus to Our House that to meet the building code regulations, including fire prevention, elements of steel structure had to be protected by concrete and coated steel, compromising direct and clear expression of the structure willed by Mies van der Rohe.